Meticos-Project / About


The EU-funded METICOS project aims to create an up-to-date acceptance classification scheme as well as a societal and ethical impact dashboard of border control technologies, to empower three major sub-divisions of the wider border control sector: travelers, border control authorities and service providers. 

METICOS will mainly focus on established models and theories, such as the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) and Innovation Diffusion Theory. In addition, performance and credibility expectations of smart border technologies from travelers, border management and law enforcement agencies will be explored in detail. As such, METICOS aims to create a holistic solution to address challenges for border management, both as regards societal acceptance and efficiency. 

The METICOS toolkit will be validated in two application scenarios and in five different countries.


EU Policy

Objective EUP-1: Indicators for the social and cultural impact of no gate solutions

To define cultural and social factors (parameters) that affect different behavioural patterns from different individuals on a regional or intercontinental basis. 

To provide a multi-agent simulation tool to model, analyse and predict the behavioural patterns of the travelers.

Objective EUP-2: Ethical and regulatory gaps of modern BCP technologies

The integration of Legal, Ethical and Privacy requirements and the Semantic Modelling of perceptual information about EU will allow participating border control agencies to share operational, investigative and experiential knowledge.

Objective EUP-3: Methods for managing the flows of migrants in EU area

The METICOS platform will be designed, built and tested in close collaboration with the border control authorities to fulfil their current and forthcoming needs. The project is clearly focused on the fusion and real validation of existing state of the art to solve current bottlenecks faced by border control authorities.

EU Borders Control

Objective EBC-1: Enhancing security of Schengen borders

To improve the EU’s visa and immigration policy by providing the means to monitor durations of stay and the identification of persons found to have exceeded their authorised stay. 

To reinforce the internal security of the EU and the Member States for ‘the reliable identification of terrorists, criminals, as well as of suspects and victims’ and by providing the possibility to reconstruct relative historical data.

Objective EBC-2: Facilitating travel for TCNs

Improving the EU’s border management policy by addressing the issue of delays at passport control and improving the quality of border checks for EU and non-EU travelers.

Border Practitioners

Objective BP-1: Evaluation of biometrics

Each biometric information that can discriminate individuals is considered as a biometric modality. An ideal biometric information should respect the following properties:

  1. Universality: all individuals must be characterized by this information.
  2. Uniqueness: this information must be as dissimilar as possible for two different individuals.
  3.  Permanency: it should be present during the whole life of an individual.
  4. Collectability: it can be measured in an easy manner.
  5. Acceptability: it concerns the possibility of a real use by users.

Objective BP-2: Evaluation of functional security and performance as well as personal data protection

The objective of the evaluation of functional security and personal data protection is to describe the functionality of a biometric verification system in terms of defining functional and assurance requirements for such a system. 

  • Security Audit
  • Privacy and Data Protection impact assessment 
  • Identification and Authentication 
  • Security Management 
  • Protection of the TOE (Target of Evaluation) Security Functionality

Citizens / Travelers

Objective CT-1: Validation of user’s acceptance and satisfaction

Study of smart border crossing technologies from a user experience perspective in order to understand and predict acceptance, as a critical step towards ensuring adoption. 

  • Expectation Disconfirmation Theory (EDT) 
  • Technology Acceptance Modelling (TAM) 
    1. Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) 
    2. Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) 
    3. Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) 
    4. Risk Perception (RP) and Privacy Risk (PR)
  • User Experience (UX) Assessment and Modelling

Objective CT-2: Privacy principles for information confidentiality or data protection

  • Evolution of Fair Information Practice Principles 12: 
    1. Notice/Awareness, 
    2. Choice/Consent, 
    3. Access/Participation, 
    4. Integrity/Security, 
    5. Enforcement/Redress. 
  • Fair Information Guidelines13:
    1. Collection Limitation Principle,
    2. Data Quality Principle, 
    3. Purpose Specification Principle, 
    4. Use Limitation Principle, 
    5. Security Safeguards Principle,
    6. Openness Principle, 
    7. Individual Participation Principles, 
    8. Accountability Principle.

Objective CT-3: Effectiveness and Efficiency of smart borders

  • Automated preparation of the border check. 
  • Shorter and faster border checks. 
  • Travelers’ satisfaction of effectiveness and efficiency of Smart Borders technologies. 
  • Close Collaboration with the technologies and platforms of other BES topics 
  • Connection with other information systems (apart from border authorities and LEAs, from smart cities platforms that travelers will visit or visited)

Objective CT-4: Technology Validation

To test METICOS system using a comprehensive validation strategy that includes: Case studies in border lines (Air, Land, Sea). Validation of the incoming data regarding users’ satisfaction (through social media etc.).

Validation and Exploitation

Objective VE-1: Continuous validation and Proof of concept demonstrations

Continuously update the integrated data for continually update and improvement of the Smart Borders technology.

Objective VE-2: METICOS system commercialization and exploitation

Continuously update the initial business plan based on the progress of the project and conducting market search. 

  • To disseminate and communicate the project results by promoting the project results in scientific and technological conferences. 
  • Liaison with other ongoing initiatives and sister projects for developing synergies.
  • Protection of the knowledge that will be developed during the project. IPR issues.


METICOS A Platform for Monitoring and Prediction of Social Impact and Acceptability of Modern Border Control Technology
Topic Human factors, and social, societal, and organizational aspects of border and external security
Call (part) Identifier H2020-SU-SEC-2019
Funding Scheme RIA – Research and Innovation action
Grant Agreement ID 883075
Starting Date 1 September 2020
Duration 36 months